IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

Prepared by more than 100 authors from 36 countries and referencing more than 7,000 scientific publications, today was published by the IPCC their last report for 2019 called "Special report on the ocean and the cryosphere in a changing climate". It explains the benefits to keep the global temperature as low as possible. This not only in favor of the different ecosystems but also for life in general, due to the importance of the oceans and the cryosphere on the climate. With the new data it seeks to increase our resilience and to face future challenges in a better way, explaining the risks and challenges that changes in climate present to life on earth. Options are also presented in the face of changes that are already unavoidable, exposing the dependence on available resources and the capacity of people and communities to adapt.

Ko Barrett, Vice President of the IPCC said: “The world’s ocean and cryosphere have been ‘taking the heat’ from climate change for decades, and consequences for nature and humanity are sweeping and severe”, “The rapid changes to the ocean and the frozen parts of our planet are forcing people from coastal cities to remote Arctic communities to fundamentally alter their ways of life”, “By understanding the causes of these changes and the resulting impacts, and by evaluating options that are available, we can strengthen our ability to adapt”, “The Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate provides the knowledge that facilitates these kinds of decisions.”

This report is a fundamental contribution to be taken into account by designers and decision makers, as it should be noted that according to the United Nations around 10% of the world's population lives less than 10 meters above sea level, while around 40% lives less than 100km off the coast. Likewise, around 12% of the world's population lives near the mountains which also provide around 40% of irrigation on land and between 80% and 100% of river currents. Therefore, it can be said that around 52% of the world's population is directly affected by changes in the oceans and cryosphere, and the remaining 48% is indirectly affected, making this a report of extreme importance since changes in these zones affect all life on earth.

Hunger Strike: The climate and food vulnerability index

Food insecurity is a reality that millions have to live with. The official state of the world, by 2018 indicated that 821 Million, that is 1 in 9, is malnourished. Malnutrition and food insecurity are increasing in almost all regions of Africa and South America, while in Asia the number has remained stable. Worldwide, by 2016 there were 804 million, so the trend indicates that efforts on this subject needs to be redoubled.

Poverty and food insecurity are two elements that have always been linked, however nowadays there is a relevant factor that is climate change. It is not only estimated that by 2030 another 120 million will enter the state of poverty in the world, but we risk a scenario where the rich will pay to escape temperatures, hunger and conflict while the poorest, who are the least responsible for climate change, can't do anything to defend themselves affirms United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres.

In this context there is a new report on vulnerability to food insecurity by countries, again confirming that the most vulnerable persons do not have resources to combat the situation and therefore many might become climate migrants. The report also gives us three solutions and recommendations: 1, react to climate change quickly - emission reductions are necessary in all countries but the responsibility belong to the richest; 2- The most vulnerable countries require support to recover their food production capacity; 3- Early emergency alerts and weather information.

IPCC Report 2019 Climate Change and Land

IPCC has approved and published the report "Climate Change and Land: a special report by the IPCC on climate change". This shows that a better way to manage land resources can contribute to curbing climate change, but it's not the only solution that needs to be implemented.

"The climate crisis is reducing earth's ability to support humanity" states the IPCC.

1,2ºC: July 2019 confirmed as warmest month ever

The European Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) explains the fact that the measurements they have indicate that July 2019 was the hottest month on record. Independent analysis by NASA and NOAA will be public in the coming weeks.

"Putting it in context, in July the temperature was close to 1.2ºC compared to pre-industrial levels, according to the methodology defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change" explains the C3S.

Independent of the fact that most likely this new temperature record will be beaten again in the near future, what's most relevant is the temperature pattern: the last 5 months have also been the hottest compared to previous years, so everything indicates that 2019 will be again the hottest year ever recorded. The last 5 years have also been the hottest ever recorded says the New York Times.

During the same month in the Netherlands, local television broadcasted day and night images of winter landscapes, trying to help people to forget about the heat wave that hit Europe in July. From Greenland it was confirmed that the result of the massive melt that occurred in the Arctic, delivered 197 billion tons of water to the Atlantic Ocean according to the Washington Post.

G-20 and Carbon Neutrality 2050

Chilean President Sebastián Piñera took the lead during the G20 summit intervening for climate change. He pointed out: "We have two options: one, is simply to wait and continue to doubt that the current road leads to a disaster, as the United Nations experts have said over and over again in their six reports that they have already published; the second way is to take action now.” He continued "in Chile we decided to take action. Chile has committed to being a carbon neutral country before 2050, and for that we are applying public policies so that it is not only rhetoric, but also reality". "We have just made an agreement with several countries - France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom- to commit ourselves into action for carbon neutrality before the year 2050.”

The effort of the President of Chile, host country of COP25, reinforces the need and urgency of unity that needs to exist during COP25 to reach an agreement on the controversial Article 6.

IPBES 2019 Report

The new IPBES report has been published. This report is the definitive synthesis of the state of nature, ecosystems and the contribution of nature towards people by 2019. Three years and US$2.4 millions later, a key report arrives. It has been widely expected, informally known as "the IPCC of Biodiversity". It includes more than 15,000 scientific references and the work of more than 400 highly renowned scientists from 50 different countries.

Its importance resides in the fact that this report explains where humanity is at this moment in relation to the Sustainable Development Goals, the AICHI Biodiversity Goals and the Paris agreement. It is a mandatory reference for all designers and decision makers.

COP 25 launched

"The time has come for action", said Chilean President Sebastián Piñera while officially launching COP 25, which will take place between December 2 and 13 in Santiago, Chile.

At the ceremony held in the Chilean government palace, the president said "It will be a great opportunity for the country and the whole world to become truly aware that time is running out and that every day, the goals become more urgent and require more ambition and more enforceability. For that reason, the time has come for action.”

"For COP 25, Chile is promoting progress in the protection of the oceans, Antarctica, electromobility, renewable energies, the circular economy and the protection of forests, ecosystems and biodiversity" indicates the official information from the Presidency. "On the occasion it was announced that the Bicentennial Park of Cerrillos will host the summit and Gonzalo Muñoz Abogabir, founder of the TriCiclos recycling company, was presented as Champion of COP 25, in charge of advising the Presidency of COP and work in a coordinated manner with the United Nations. In addition, the ambassadors of COP 25 were also presented: public figures in charge of raising awareness of the issues that the summit will address."

You can find out more about COP25 on their official website www.cop25.cl.

Africa Climate Week

The week for the action on climate in Africa, a decisive continent for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, took place in Accra, Ghana between March 18 and 22.

Members of the political and private sector met demonstrating to the international community that the will and commitment by agents of change to reach and increase climate action are maintained and everything humanly possible will be done to achieve them.

The event focused on strengthening the commitment of all those involved in key sectors for Africa, including energy, agriculture and human congregations. In addition, the role of future coal markets to achieve reinforced climate action towards the objective of sustainable development was also discussed.

Sponsors & Main Partners