Food insecurity is a reality that millions have to live with. The official state of the world, by 2018 indicated that 821 Million, that is 1 in 9, is malnourished. Malnutrition and food insecurity are increasing in almost all regions of Africa and South America, while in Asia the number has remained stable. Worldwide, by 2016 there were 804 million, so the trend indicates that efforts on this subject needs to be redoubled.
Poverty and food insecurity are two elements that have always been linked, however nowadays there is a relevant factor that is climate change. It is not only estimated that by 2030 another 120 million will enter the state of poverty in the world, but we risk a scenario where the rich will pay to escape temperatures, hunger and conflict while the poorest, who are the least responsible for climate change, can't do anything to defend themselves affirms United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres.
In this context there is a new report on vulnerability to food insecurity by countries, again confirming that the most vulnerable persons do not have resources to combat the situation and therefore many might become climate migrants. The report also gives us three solutions and recommendations: 1, react to climate change quickly - emission reductions are necessary in all countries but the responsibility belong to the richest; 2- The most vulnerable countries require support to recover their food production capacity; 3- Early emergency alerts and weather information.